The oldest known traces of humans in Sąsowska Valley’s caves dates back to Vistula glaciation period, which means that they are not older than 110 kyr. The richest assemblages of artefacts come from the oldest layers, like in the case of Wylotne Rockshelter. Prof. Chmielewski, because of large amount of cave bear remains and burned charcoal in middle and upper Palaeolithic layers , had come to the conclusion, that in this period people hunted bears in caves. Preliminary results from our research does not confirm this theory.
Surprasing were artifacts connected to Mesolithic culture komornicka, that were discovered in Bramka Rockshelter. Habitation or using of rockshelters in this period and this region, is rather unusual.
Settlement from Neolithic period connects probably to sources of flints that are situated nearby. It is suggested, that caves and rockshelters were used as campsites and workshops of Neolithic miners.
In many caves and rockshelters there are traces of human activity from later periods, they are however mostly ephemeral.
Throughout history, caves of Sąspowska Valley were used not only as places to live and work flint but also as places of burial. Human remains are found, among other sites, in Bramka Rockshelter, Koziarnia Cave and Tunel Wielki Cave.